Integrated Pest Management

Integrated pest management, or IPM, attempts to balance economic, environmental, and human health issues in pest management decision-making. This balance is achieved by careful consideration and implementation of all appropriate pest management options. IPM methods are developed to insure the delivery of high-quality agricultural products, maximize the effectiveness of all pest-control techniques, and minimize adverse environmental effects. This page also includes information on organic pest management strategies and related approaches. To navigate within this page more quickly, click on the links below.

GeneralManaging WeedsManaging Crop PestsManaging Crop DiseasesManaging Livestock Pests & Diseases |Managing Deer & Other WildlifeBiocontrol & BeneficialsPesticides

New York State Integrated Pest Management Program

The primary source of pest management information from Cornell University. There are many links, free publications, and an abundance of information about managing pests in livestock and field crops, ornamentals, vegetables, fruits, and communities.

IPM Program Office NYSAES
P.O. Box 462
Geneva, NY 14456
Phone: (315) 787-2353

Cornell Pest Management Guidelines

These publications provide weed, insect, and disease management information, both chemical and non-chemical, for commercial crop producers, facilities managers, and homeowners. Appropriate integrated pest management (IPM) guidelines are included as well as chemical control tables. Most are updated yearly with regulatory information. Many are now available online, and can also be ordered from the Cornell Cooperative Extension publications catalog.

Organic Vegetable Production Guides

With pest control product limitations, these guides offer commercial vegetable producers organic integrated pest management (IPM) techniques such as keeping accurate pest history records, selecting the proper site, and preventing pest outbreaks through use of crop rotation, resistant varieties, and biological controls.

Integrated Pest Management in the Northeast Region

Sponsored by the Cooperative Extension and Land Grant University IPM programs of the Northeast and by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This site is part of the National IPM Network and is a comprehensive source of information for the northeastern states.

Entomology Extension Programs

Cornell’s Department of Entomology has a variety of extension programs: apiculture, field crops, greenhouse crops and floriculture, homes and grounds, insect diagnosis, Pesticide Management Education Program, potatoes, vegetable crops, veterinary, woody ornamentals, and youth/4-H.

Department of Entomology
Comstock Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
Phone: (607) 255-7723 (Donald A. Rutz, Department Chair)

Pests of the Northeastern US

This site is intended for use by growers, extension personnel, agribusiness people, and consultants to aid in the identification of common crop pests found in New York State and the Northeast. Includes an extensive series of fact sheets on insect, disease, and weed pests with photographs showing the life stages of the pests and the typical damage they cause.

Extension Programs in Plant Breeding

Aimed at enhancing the competitiveness and profitability of New York farmers. These programs’ goal is to encourage the development and use of superior crop varieties that are pest and stress resistant, superior in quality, and suited to New York State’s climate and soils.

William D. Pardee
Phone: (607) 255-1653

Northeastern Pest Management Center

Provides important news in pest management research, implementation, regulation, and policy. Also provides links to excellent pest management information sources.

Liz Thomas Information Specialist, NE PMC
630 W. North St.
Geneva, NY 14456
Voicemail: (315) 787-2626
Fax: (814) 787-2360

A Whole Farm Approach to Managing Pests

This informational bulletin from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) defines ecologically based systems, outlines ecological principles for managing pests, and suggests how to apply those principles to real-life farm situations. Written for producers and the agricultural professionals who work with them, “Naturalize” Your Farming System: A Whole-Farm Approach to Managing Pests is filled with color photos, cutting-edge research examples, and anecdotes from farmers using such strategies in their fields. A page of additional, more in-depth resources on the topic rounds out the publication.

Massachusetts IPM Guidelines: Crop Specific Definitions

Best management practices for apple, cole crops, cranberry, field and greenhouse tomato, highbush blueberry, peppers, poinsettia, potato, pumpkin and winter squash, raspberry, strawberry, sweet corn, and wine grape.

Item IP-IPMA. $6. Visit the site to order or contact:

UMass Extension Bookstore
Draper Hall
40 Campus Center Way
Amherst, MA 01003-9244
Phone: 1-877-UMASSXT (1-877-862-7798)
Fax: (413) 545-5174

Integrated Pest Management Program

Information about plants and insects, publications, links, and more from University of Connecticut Cooperative Extension.

IPM Online Homestudy Courses

The University of Connecticut offers online courses on a variety of integrated pest management topics, including new offerings in pest identification.

Weeds of the Northeast

A practical guide to the identification of common and economically important weeds of the northeastern United States and southern Canada.

Weed Identification, Biology, and Management

Weed Identification, Biology, and Management was originally developed for the Weed Biology and Control undergraduate course at McGill University. The authors hoped to help students understand and recognize important agricultural, environmental and urban weeds. Over 100 weed species are treated in this 2-volume CD set. These CDs are designed to complement living plant material, herbarium specimens, and lecture notes. Information on nomenclature, distribution, habitats, morphology, life history, biology, and management options are provided for each weed species. With the click of a button, detailed, high quality photographs of the seed, seedling, juvenile plant, flowering plant, flower close-up, in situ field, and special features accompany each weed entry. The weed species are arranged alphabetically by Latin name (genus and species). Weeds from A to L are in Volume 1, while weeds from M to Z are in Volume 2. Weeds are also indexed by plant family, by common name, and by attributes including flower color, seedling morphology, and a vegetative key for common grass weeds. An illustrated glossary aid the user to understand technical terms and a Reference and Selected Readings section provides additional sources of information.

$49.95 Canadian plus taxes and S&H. To order, e-mail

Conventional and Organic Corn Weed Guide

University of Maine Cooperative Extension offers you “New England Guide to Weed Control in Field Corn.” Designed to help conventional and organic field corn growers decide how best to control weeds, it includes guidelines for chemical and nonchemical methods.

The 20-page guide can be purchased for $3 by calling 800-287-0274. Or you can download it free from the Web site.

Penn State Weed Management

Online agronomy guide, weed management publications, and links.

Bill Curran
Phone: (814) 863-1014

Organic Weed Management

Concepts, strategies, and methods of controlling weeds. 58 pages. $7.95.

Flame Weeding for Vegetable Crops

Flame weeding — a type of thermal weed control — was commonly used in row crops like cotton and sorghum from the late 1930s until the mid-1960s, when selective herbicides became widely available. In the 1980s and ’90s, flame weeding made a rapid comeback as a non-chemical weed control technique, especially among organic farmers.

Weed IPM

From the University of Connecticut IPM: articles about weeds, a gallery of images associated with the weed IPM articles, and IPM links.

Steel in the Field: A Farmer’s Guide to Weed Management

Contains major sections for agronomic row, horticultural, and dryland cropping systems. Illustrated technical pages explain the design, recommended uses, and cautions for more than 50 implements. Farmer narratives enhance each section with descriptions of the parallel “tools” of crop rotation, cover crops, residue management, and other crop management techniques.

Free online.

Vegetable Farmers and Their Weed Control Machines

This video shows the diversity of cultivation tools available and explains weed control strategies, from sweeps and rotary hoes to flame weeders and homemade tools. Features 9 New England vegetable farmers, but is applicable to any locale.

75 minutes. $12, payable to UVM. Send order and payment to:

Center for Sustainable Agriculture
590 Main St.
Burlington, VT 05405
Phone: (802) 656-5459

The Weed Science Society of America

The Weed Science Society of America promotes research, education, and extension outreach activities related to weeds, provides science-based information to the public and policy makers, and fosters awareness of weeds and their impacts on managed and natural ecosystems.

Insect Diagnostic Lab

Have an insect pest problem? Need advice identifying and controlling it? Cornell University’s Insect Diagnostic Lab will help identify the pest and provide pest management suggestions. Click here for information. For factsheets on specific pests, click here. Telephone consultations also available. For more information, contact Carol Hunter at, Carolyn Klass at, or call (607) 255-4777.

New York State Integrated Pest Management Program, Resources for Fruits

This page provides information on grapes, tree fruit, and small fruit topics.

Berry Diagnostic Tool

Assisting with the identification of diseases, insects, chemical injury, and physiological disorders that affect berry crops in northeastern North America and eastern Canada.

2008 Pest Management Guidelines for Berry Crops

Every effort has been made to provide correct, complete, and up-to-date pest management information for New York State at the time this publication was released for printing (November, 2007). Changes in pesticide registrations, regulations, and guidelines occurring after publication are available in county Cornell Cooperative Extension offices or from the Pesticide Management Education Program website.To download the Berry Crops Guide, click here. To order a copy, contact:

Pesticide Management Education Program Educational Resources Distribution Center
Phone: (607) 255-7282

Cost is $25.00 which includes shipping.

Integrated Pest Management for Bedding Plants: A Scouting and Pest Management Guide

This popular pocket guide is a concise “how to” for starting and operating a successful IPM program in greenhouses while maintaining profitable crop production. You’ll learn to identify and monitor common insect pests, diseases, and nutrient deficiencies in the annuals, perennials, herbs, vegetable transplants, foliage plants, and flowering potted plants that are commonly grown in the greenhouse between January and July. Item #102IPM407. $14. Write or call:

Resource Center
7 Business and Technology Park
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone: (607) 255-2080

Integrated Crop & Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Vegetable Production

The most current recommendations from Cornell faculty and staff for pest and crop management are available in tabular form for each crop. Both non-pesticide- and pesticide-based management options are shown. General topic chapters give the latest information on such items as insects, diseases, weeds, transplanting, soil management, application equipment, and more. Includes links within the document to ICM/IPM information that could be useful to vegetable growers and CCE faculty and staff.

Alternatives for Managing Vegetable Insects

The proceedings from a December 1998 conference held in New Haven, CT to provide a farmer/scientist exchange of experience- and research-based knowledge about alternatives to insecticides for managing vegetable insects. The proceedings cover major topics that were discussed at the conference: the effects of plant and soil health on susceptibility to pests; biological control: past, present, and future; strategies and tactics currently used by organic farmers; and where do we go from here? Another major section covers small group sessions that were held to discuss specific types of crops and specific insects.

84 pages. Item NRAES-138. $8 plus S&H. Available from NRAES Integrated Crop Management Publications. Call or write to:

NRAES Cooperative Extension
P.O. Box 4557
Ithaca, NY 14852-4557
Phone: (607) 255-7654
Fax: (607) 254-8770

Plant Pest Management Fact Sheets & Bulletins

List of Rutgers publications on pest management.

New York and Pennsylvania Pest Management Recommendations for Grapes

This 2001 guide contains information about pesticides and integrated pest control schedules for diseases, insects, and weeds in commercial vineyards of New York and Pennsylvania. Important vineyard insects, diseases, and control measures are described in relation to critical growth stages of grapes. Varieties are rated for their relative susceptibility to diseases and their sensitivity to Karathane, copper, and sulfur.

53 pages. $7.50. For more information, contact Penn State College of Agriculture Sciences.

Tree Fruit Insect Pest Photographs

Photographs of pests and the damage they do.

Insect IPM in Apples – Kaolin Clay

This factsheet is part of a series highlighting the latest breakthroughs in biorational pest control. There is a growing commitment among producers to use the least toxic methods for protecting crops. Increased awareness of the many benefits of advanced integrated pest management (IPM) are at the heart of this change. Meanwhile, FQPA (Food Quality Protection Act) and other regulations have given short-term urgency to the quest for reduced-risk alternatives to the most toxic chemicals, including the organophosphates.

Farming for Profit, Stewardship & Community: Prevent Pest Problems

This technical guide offers information on designing a cropping system that increases plant diversity, disrupts pest life cycles, and confuses insect pests. Describes use of hedgerows, insectary plants, cover crops, and water reservoirs to attract and support populations of beneficial organisms such as insects, bats, and birds of prey.

Insect Pest Management Fact Sheets

A long list of factsheets about animal pests, beekeeping, field crop pests, fruit and nut pests, vegetable pests, ornamental pests, turf pests, household pests, and public health.

Online Vegetable Resources

Factsheets on integrated pest management for specific vegetable pests.

S.J. Fleischer
Phone: (814) 863-7788

Insect Pests of Vegetables

An index of online URI publications about vegetables.

Vegetable Insects

Pictoral guide to vegetable pests.

Potato Leafhoppper Resistant Alfalfa

Fact sheet about alfalfa resistant to the potato leafhopper.

Pocket Guide to Field Corn IPM in the Northeast

Integrated pest management (IPM) is an approach that uses knowledge from many disciples to enhance profitability, optimize environmental stewardship, and protect human health. Minimizing reliance on chemical pesticides is one important goal of IPM. A new IPM Field Corn Pocket Guide brings together in a compact format information needed for successful integrated pest management and integrated crop management (ICM) for field corn growers in the Northeast. A collaborative work by experts from across the region.

280 pages. Item IPM-1. Order from:

University of Connecticut
Natural Resources Management and Engineering Department
1376 Storrs Rd.
Storrs, CT 06265-4087

Stored Grain Pest Management

This ATTRA publication discusses non-toxic treatments and biological control. It includes references and enclosures.

Monitoring Growing Degree Days and Plant Phenology

Explanation of the calendar, growing degree days (GDD), and plant phenology methods of predicting when monitoring should begin or when pests are vulnerable to treatment.

University of Connecticut Greenhouse Integrated Pest Management

Links to various articles on vegetables, cut flowers, insects, and much more.

University of Connecticut Nursery Integrated Pest Management

Links to various articles on nursery IPM, insects, diseases, and weeds.

Sticky Board Traps for Greenhouses

Sticky traps, or sticky boards, are very helpful for detecting and monitoring many flying insect pests in greenhouses, including whiteflies, thrips, and aphids. When populations of these pests are low, sticky traps may even be of limited value in the control of these insects.

Greenhouse Screening for Insect Control

Greenhouses that produce vegetables or ornamentals provide an excellent environment for various insect pests. These pests are generally very difficult to control once they enter the greenhouse, partly because of the physical conditions within the greenhouse, absence of natural enemies, and the lack of insecticides registered for use in greenhouses, especially vegetable houses. Further, once these insect pests invade a house, they may rapidly spread to nearby, uninfested greenhouses, being introduced on clothing or equipment, or by flying directly through an opening into the house. Screening on ventilation inlets and building entrances will prevent most, if not all, vegetable insect pests from flying into the house.

Greenhouse IPM publications

University of Connecticut

  • Pest Management for Vegetable Bedding Plants
  • Integrated Pest Management for Cut Flower Growers
  • Integrated Pest Management for Perennials
  • Disease Prevention in Greenhouse Tomato: An IPM Perspective
  • Biological Pest Control in Greenhouse Tomatoes

Tree & Shrub Insects

An index of online publications from URI about pest management of ornamental trees and shrubs.

Insect Pests of Ornamental Plants Slide Show

Insect Pests of Ornamental Plants is a 5-part program that will introduce you to the common pests of shade trees, shrubs, flowers, and houseplants in Virginia.

Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic

Designed to provide plant disease diagnostic services for anyone interested in plant diseases. Services include analysis of plant material and soil for bacterial, fungal, viral, and nematode pathogens as well as suggesting appropriate control measures when available. Their web site includes factsheets and further details about the procedure and prices for submitting plant and soil material.

Karen Snover-Clift, Director
324 Plant Science Building
Ithaca, NY 14853
Phone: (607) 255-7860
Fax: (607) 255-4471

Plant Pathology

Information on research and extension publications on New York State plant diseases.

Vegetable MD Online

This site gives access to the many vegetable disease factsheets produced over the years by Media Services at Cornell. There are also color photographs to use along with the sheets for plant diagnosis.

Vegetable Diseases

An index of online URI publications about specific vegetable diseases.

Rotation Periods to Control Vegetable Diseases

A table that provides some guidelines for planning a successful crop rotation program.

Fruit Diseases

An index of online URI publications about specific fruit diseases.

Peach Leaf Curl

Pest management strategies for peach leaf curl.

Ornamental Disease Fact Sheets List

A listing of factsheets available on common diseases of plants frequently grown in greenhouses, interiorscapes, and in outdoor landscapes and nurseries in the northeastern U.S.

Cornell University Poisonous Plants Home Page

Reference that includes plant images, pictures of affected animals, and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis, and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc.).

Integrated Fly Management Around Confined Livestock

Teaches how to manage fly populations effectively. The steps to success include understanding the life cycle of the fly and its requirements for breeding; identifying potential breeding areas; practicing sanitation; and applying appropriate insecticides when needed. Includes a copy of the IPM factsheet Integrated Management of Flies in and around Dairy Barns (1994).

35 minutes. Item 622VIFM. $24.95. Click here for an order form or call (607) 255-2080.

Special Coverage: BSE or Mad Cow Disease

Offers references to relevant agency web sites, as well selected articles from the media, to give a broader view of the issue and to help track the issue as developments arise. The site also offers links to some relevant ATTRA (Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas) publications on beef production, as well as some other information on grass-fed beef.

Alternative Treatments for Ruminant Animals

Drawing on 36 years of veterinary practice, Dr. Paul Dettloff presents a natural, sustainable approach to ruminant health. Copiously illustrated chapters “break down” the animal into its interrelated biological systems: digestive, reproductive, respiratory, circulatory, musculoskeletal, and more. Also includes a chapter on nosodes, with vaccination programs for dairy cattle, sheep, and goats. An information-packed manual from a renowned vet and educator.

260 pages. Item #6554. $28. To order, visit the web site or contact:

Acres U.S.A.
P.O. Box 91299
Austin, TX 78709-1299
Phone: 1-800-355-5513
Fax: (512) 892-4448

Caring for Livestock Holistically

Pat Coleby New book series: Natural Cattle Care, Goat Care, and Horse Care. A holistic approach to ranch management and animal husbandry.

  • Natural Cattle Care — 168 pages, $20
  • Natural Goat Care — 372 pages, $25
  • Natural Horse Care — 168 pages, $20

Order by clicking the links, calling 1-800-355-5313, or e-mailing .

Johne’s Information Center

Filled with the most current information about Johne’s diagnosis, control, and prevention.

Entomology Fact Sheets

A long list of factsheets about animal pests, beekeeping, field crop pests, fruit and nut pests, vegetable pests, ornamental pests, turf pests, household pests, and public health.

Deer Damage and Control

Factsheet on strategies and prevention of deer damage at the farm.

Deer Repellents

Factsheet on deer repellents as a control method for deer.

Woodchuck Control

Factsheet on woodchucks, the damage they do, and how to control them.

Controlling Deer Damage in New England Orchards

Publication in PDF format about different methods of deer control.

Management of Orchard Mice

Publication in PDF format about orchard mice and management strategies.

Biological Control: A Guide to Natural Enemies in North America

This guide provides photographs and descriptions of biological control (or biocontrol) agents of insect, disease, and weed pests in North America. It is also a tutorial on the concept and practice of biological control and integrated pest management (IPM).

Approaches to Biological Control of Insects

A discussion of natural controls of pest insects to minimize pesticide use as well as crop damage. 8 pages. Single copies free; multiple copies may require S&H fee. To order, contact:

Center for Sustainable Agriculture
63 Carrigan Dr.
Burlington, VT 05405
Phone: (802) 656-5459
Fax: (802) 656-8874

Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control

Beneficial insects are the natural enemies (predators and parasites) of crop pests. If you can attract them to your fields by raising cover crops or flowers, they will work for you as biological control agents. This publication describes how to do so.

Suppliers of Beneficial Organisms in North America

Provides general information on beneficial organisms and their use against pests. Lists 142 suppliers of over 130 different species of beneficial organisms sold for use as biological pest control in Canada, the United States, and Mexico. Includes scientific name index and list of references and web sites on biological control and integrated pest management (IPM).

32 pages. Free. To order, contact:

State of California Department of Pesticide Regulation Environmental Monitoring & Pest Management
830 K St.
Sacramento, CA 95814-3510
Phone: (916) 324-4100
Web site:

Commercial Sources: Insect Parasitic Nematodes

A list of suppliers for those who are interested in trying beneficial nematodes.

Pesticide Management Education Program

Cornell Cooperative Extension PMEP promotes the safe use of pesticides for the user, the consumer, and the environment. PMEP serves as a pesticide information center for college and field extension staff, as well as growers, commercial applicators, pesticide formulators/distributors, environmental and conservation groups, and private citizens.

Pesticide Management Education Program
5123 Comstock Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853-0901
Phone: (607) 255-1866

Pesticide Applicator Certification

Pesticide Management Education Program, Cornell Cooperative Extension.

Pesticide Safety for Small Farms

Produced for workers on small family farms, this video illustrates the importance of following safe practices for storing, mixing, applying, and disposing of pesticides. How to read the pesticide label, how to use personal protective equipment, and what to do in case of pesticide-related emergencies.

19 minutes. $20.

Leave a Reply



You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>