Agroforestry & Woodlot Management

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How, When, and Why of Forest Farming

Online resource center based at Cornell. Features self-guided lessons on various agro-forestry enterprises.

MacDaniels Nut Grove at Cornell University

The MacDaniels Nut Grove (MNG) is a hands-on learning forest site, where Professor Ken Mudge and students set up research and demonstration projects for growing various types of medicinal and edible forest crops. The website offers information on research results, upcoming events, and videos of interest to those who want to learn more about forest farming.

Agroforestry Program at Cornell

The Agroforestry Program at Cornell offers a multidisciplinary forum for research, education, and outreach in agroforestry principles, practice, and policy.

New York Forest Owners Association

The New York Forest Owners Association promotes sustainable woodland practices and improved stewardship on privately owned woodlands. Members of the NYFOA volunteer their time and resources to promote stewardship of private forests, with the not-for-profit group consisting mainly of landowners.

New York Forest Owners Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 1055
Penfield, NY 14526
Phone: 1-800-836-3566

Discovering Profits in Unlikely Places: Agroforestry Opportunities for Added Income

This publication highlights opportunities for Midwestern farmers to introduce agroforestry practices on their farms, outlines some of the benefits associated with agroforestry, describes six different agroforestry practices, and provides a list of resources for additional information.

Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture
University of Minnesota
411 Borlaug Hall
St. Paul, MN 55108-1013
Phone: (612) 625-8235 or 1-800-909-MISA (6472)
Fax: (612) 625-1268
Web site:

Association for Temperate Agroforestry

The Association for Temperate Agroforestry (AFTA) is a private, nonprofit organization formed in 1991. The mission of AFTA is to promote the wider adoption of agroforestry by landowners in temperate regions of North America. Agroforestry practices combine trees and shrubs with crops and/or livestock to increase and diversify farm and forest production while conserving natural resources.

Association for Temperate Agroforestry
203 Anheuser-Busch National Resources Bldg.
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211
Phone: (573) 882-9866
Fax: (573) 882-1977

University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry

An interdisciplinary research, teaching, and technology transfer program that coordinates agroforestry activities for use in Missouri and adjacent areas in the Midwest.

University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry
203 Anheuser-Busch National Resources Bldg.
Columbia, MO 65211
Phone: (573) 884-2874

USDA National Agroforestry Center

The website for the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agroforestry Center. Features publications, events, and other resources related to agroforestry in the U.S.

Agroforestry Overview

An overview of different agroforestry practices in the U.S.

Short-Rotation Woody Crops Program

The program’s goal is to provide a solid scientific base of information that will support the commercialization of willow biomass crops as a renewable cellulose feedstock for bioproducts and bioenergy in North America.

Design Principles for Farm Forestry

A guide to help farmers decide whether to integrate agroforestry into their operation.

Christmas Tree Marketing

An information sheet that gives marketing tips and suggestions on planting and harvesting Christmas trees.

Christmas Tree Production Best Management Practices to Protect Water Quality and the Environment

A successful Christmas tree farm has high quality Christmas trees that are also profitable. In addition to targeting clear economic goals, a farmer should manage the crop in such a way that production is sustained well into the future. Soil must be protected from erosion. Surface water and groundwater must be protected from sedimentation and contamination by fertilizers or pesticides. Farming practices should minimize impacts on wildlife. The health of farm workers should not be endangered by improper handling, storage, or use of farm equipment or chemicals. Christmas tree farmers who invest in practices that accomplish these goals usually show a greater long-term profit because the land is maintained more productively. Collectively, the added or alternative production practices that protect the farm economy and environment are called best management practices. For production to be sustained, a combination of the best management practices discussed in this fact sheet should be in place on every Christmas tree farm.

The Practical Guide to Growing Ginseng

Available from Cornell Cooperative Extension of Greene County for $30. To order, call (518) 622-9820 or e-mail 

Producing and Marketing Wild Simulated Ginseng in Agroforestry Systems

This publication describes a system of growing ginseng called wild simulated ginseng production. Using this production system, landowners can establish naturalized populations of wild American ginseng on the forest floor in their privately-owned woodlands. If managed correctly, these natural stands of ginseng will be perpetual. A natural stand of undisturbed wild ginseng renews itself by self-seeding. Careful harvest of mature plants can take place, in wild simulated ginseng patches, without taking the site out of production. Young seedling ginseng plants will just grow up to take their place. A carefully managed stand of naturalized American ginseng may produce income for several decades.

Cornell Sugar Maple Research and Extension Program

The Cornell Sugar Maple Program website provides maple syrup production information for people of varied syrup knowledge, activities and information for students and teachers, extension research project information and publications, and additional resources.

For more information, contact Colin Campbell, the Uihlein Station Director, at , or Brian Chabot, the Cornell Sugar Maple Program Director, at .

Cornell Tool Helps Maple Tree Owners Evaluate Best Use

Mike Farrell, NYS Maple Specialist, has developed a Net Present Value calculator tool that allows landowners to evaluate the option to lease trees for syrup production vs. managing their trees for sawtimber production. This tool is found online at

Managing the Equity in Your Woodlot

This video features a number of farmers with a clear message: get professional advice. It will almost always result in better financial returns and definitely result in better long-term woodlot management. The first step is to develop a forest management plan in writing which spells out your long-term objectives and a management time table. 30 minutes.

The video can be loaned from the Cornell Cooperative Extension office in Jamestown. Call (716) 664-9502 for more information.

Cornell Forestry Extension Homepage

Most small farms include a woodlot that has environmental, recreational, and economic benefits. The Cornell Forestry Extension Program has many valuable resources for small farm operators who want to capitalize on the benefits of these woodlots.

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