#20 Agricultural District Law Provisions

Return to the Guide to Farming Table of Contents>> Agricultural Districts Article 25-AA of Agriculture and Markets Law authorizes the creation of local agricultural districts pursuant to landowner initiative, preliminary county review, state certification, and county adoption.  Most counties have placed agricultural land in state certified agricultural districts.  While they are county-created and state-certified, towns … Read More

#19 Payroll and Worker Documentation

Return to the Guide to Farming Table of Contents>> Employee or Independent Contractor Hiring labor in the State of New York imposes high liabilities and paperwork burdens on the employer.  Because of this, employers may be tempted to classify their workers as independent contractors, but a person is only an independent contractor when they are … Read More

#18 Labor Laws

Return to the Guide to Farming Table of Contents>> Workers’ Compensation Insurance Employers are required to have workers’ compensation insurance on their workers if cash wages exceeded $1,200 in the preceding year. Coverage must be obtained effective April 1st of the year immediately following the year where the farm had $1,200 of payroll. If you … Read More

#17 Sales Tax Exemptions/Refunds

Return to the Guide to Farming Table of Contents>> Farm operations are exempt from paying sales tax on items used in the farming operation.  None of the exemptions are automatic.  You must either present an exemption certificate to the vendor when purchasing products or you can claim a refund if you have evidence to show … Read More

Where can I get help preparing my farm’s tax return?

If you’re looking for a CPA to prepare your tax return for you, try asking farmers in your area for recommendations, as well as contacting your local Cooperative Extension office. Someone in your network should be able to point you to a reputable and knowledgeable tax accountant. If you’d like to do your own taxes … Read More

How can I start to put together estimates of potential costs and revenue?

Good question! It’s not easy, but you probably already know that. We’ve listed some of the best enterprise budgets we (or other people) have collected online, along with advice on estimating costs and revenue, within the Choosing an Enterprise tutorial. The final step of deciding what to grow is to ask the question, but Does … Read More

What types of farming practices should I be considering to take care of my land?

When you farm, the soil and water that allows you to generate revenue from it are the most precious resources in your care. Good stewardship begins with careful observation. Do you see signs of soil erosion? What could you do to stop it? Do you see bare ground forming where your animals have been? Bare … Read More

What do I need to do to become a real farm?

In most instances, getting “official” recognition for your farm is as easy as filing a DBA (“Doing Business As”) form with your County Clerk’s office. The transaction usually costs around $25, and it serves to protect your farm name within your county. Then you can take this DBA to your bank and use it to … Read More

I have so many ideas. Where do I begin to narrow them down?

Many new farmers are so enthusiastic that they begin with a half-dozen or more enterprises all in the first year, without having analyzed their ability to really do any of them well. While this approach works in rare cases, an approach that is more likely to preserve your sanity and your enthusiasm for the 2nd … Read More

Will there be opportunities to hear from successful farmers?

We usually invite at least two farmers to present about their farm  operations  and start-up experience during the webinars, so  students are  exposed to two different farmer perspectives and can  directly ask them lots  of questions. Where possible, we also incorporate videos of farmers from this website into the  course. Our Soil Health course is … Read More

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Plan Your Farm

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